Hey, everyone! It’s time for another Grammar 101 with your teacher, Sora. (I meant to hold these classes a little more often but I’m kind of — well, I’m really lazy so…yeah, whoops?)
Anyway, we have guest speaker! Everyone, say hello to Riku!
Hn, pleasure to be here. I look forward to being an aide in today's grammar lesson.
So, today’s lesson is an important one! We’re doing homonyms. Maybe you guys remember that word from your English classes? If not, I’ll remind you what it means by using my handy dandy dictionary!
Which is…riiight over here…somewhere…
- hom·o·nym (noun) - a word pronounced the same as another but differing in meaning, whether spelled the same way or not, as in heir and air.
Okay, see? So, I could probably go on all day about homonyms because there’s like a billion of them, but I don’t have that kind of time and you don’t have that kind of attention span, right? RIGHT. Which means that I’m going to focus on a couple rather than all of them. More specifically, I’m going to focus on the most common ones.
One of my personal favorites is the pair boar and bore. See, because boar is a type of pig and bore is when something’s not interesting. Oh, or bear and bare! A bear can be bare, but a person can’t be bear. You know, because a bear is an animal!
Eh heh, I guess that was kind of lame.
There are also more common errors, which, you know, I can’t blame anyone for — everyone makes mistakes, right? I mean, I do it all the time. Writing is hard and grammar is the worst, so no one will fault you for anything. The best way to avoid those mistakes, though, is just to know the difference!
A mixup I see lot is between faze and phase. Faze is a type of effect, like how Riku is pretty much unfazed by a lot of things. Right, Riku?
Yep, kind of like how most of the things you do don't exactly faze me.
So, okay, while a faze is an impact something can have on another person — or lack of an impact, too — a phase is a stage, like in a video game! You know how those final bosses are sometimes two or three parts?
"Why won’t you die, Xemnas?" Those could be considered phases. It could also be a stage in development for, well, a person. A toddler’s in one phase, like the Terrible Twos, and then they go into the next phase.
- Slowly, his words began to faze the apathetic guy with silver hair.
- IT WAS THE DAWNING OF A NEW PHASE IN HIS LIFE!
See? It’s pretty simple!
Lastly, I’m going to hit affect and effect, which for me is one of the hardest ones to remember. An affect is a change or when something has an influence on something else. Effect, though, is more like a result. So, in simplest terms, affect with an a is usually a verb and effect with an e is tends to be a noun.
- Hopefully, this grammar lesson is affecting the audience.
- We’re still waiting to see the effect.
Okay, Riku, you have the floor!
Alright, then. Let's get this started.
The first set of homonyms that I'll be covering are the words your and you're. This is another highly common mistake that a lot of people, when writing, tend to make. Now some cases are accidental mistakes, like perhaps someone was rushing through their writing or maybe they didn't realize their error initially. Other cases, however, are of people projecting their ignorance by incorrectly using the proper term where it's needed. Luckily, you guys have me to help you out so you'll no longer look ridiculous due to your mistakes.
Now then, knowing the difference: your is a word that describes — or in other words, it's an adjective — ownership or possession, or refers to something that belongs or relates to an unspecified person or people in general. The word you're, however, is a contraction — which means, in this case, to shorten two words which thus creates a new one as marked by an apostrophe — that derives from the two words, "you are." A lot of people tend to think that you're is the one that shows possession because of the structure of the word — or to put it simply, it looks like a word that would show possession like, for example, Sora's, which, in this case, is showing possession. However, that isn't the case as you're is a contraction and does not show any signs of ownership or anything thereof.
Here are a couple of examples to help further your understanding:
Sora, you're mine and no one else's.
I will always be by your side.
Now that that's covered, let's move on to the next set of words that are often used incorrectly.
The second set consists of the words their, there, and they're. Like your, the word their also shows possession. However, this word only shows ownership to more than one person — or a group of people. (Whereas your can be used to indicate one or more than one person.) There is an adverb that is initially used to indicate a location that has either already been previously mentioned or indicated by pointing or looking. It can also be used to refer to a point reached in an activity or process.
And lastly, we come to our last term that is also a contraction, just like you're. They're is a contraction made up of the words "they are."
They're too stupid to realize that their mistake is clearly there.
And that's pretty much it. Hope that helps.
Thanks, Ri! And thank you, class. Until next time, you aaare dismissed!
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